"Individual people are usually more complicated than ideological categories, and they may occupy rather benign places on the political spectrum. But that should not avert our eyes from the fact that there have been many full-fledged “Joker” figures in the history of progressive thought. Robespierre, Lenin, Stalin, Mao, Hitler, Mussolini, Pol Pot, and Che Guevara come to mind. And it is certainly worth exploring why their political programs produced such homicidal results. And the answer is not misapplication of political ideals, misevaluation of the readiness of human beings for progress, or that the wrong people have been in charge of implementation. As strange as it might sound in our day and age, the answer is found in theology. If one wants to kill God, one will inevitably want to finish the job by killing those who are literally the embodied reminder of him: “God-reflectors,” people created in his image and likeness. People must be forcibly redefined and reshaped, as, for example, Karl Marx attempted with his new “Socialist Man.” Those who refuse are simply defined out of the human race as enemies of progress."